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The article is described the principles of the formation of signs and their relationship with the arguments. The paper analyzed the main function of the sign and features of the types of reasoning. The study is illustrated an icon, an index and a symbol, as well as the argumentative component of the sign. Semiotic problems in the focus of the paper are 1) relations between a sign, an object and an interpreter; 2) classification of reasoning and their correspondence to the strength of arguments: deduction, induction, abduction; 3) features of the argument as a sign and the role of interpretation in the argumentative process; 4) functions of arguments as signs in the formation of a conclusion; 5) sign formation. A sign may be a sign, if only it turns into another sign.

The purpose of the paper is to consider the process of forming a sign (sign system) in the context of the fundamental principles of Pierce's semiotic logic. Logical principles are habits of reasoning, and such habits are not signs. But reasoning is a sign, namely a sign that the premise is a sign of conclusion.

Methods. The classic philosophical methods, viz. structural and comparative analysis, hermeneutics, were used to study the issue.

Results: Sign formation must be considered in the context of the information field that is created during interpretation.

Originality. Originality consists in examining the function of arguments as signs in the formation of a conclusion based on an analysis of Pierce's works (English edition).

Conclusion. The arguments are presented directly by the interpreters in accordance with the deductive, inductive and abductive principles and rules of conclusion. The logical component of the process of forming a sign includes us in the world of interpretation, bordering the language of the world, on the one hand, and on the other hand, with the person who created the world of language. An example would be abduction theory. The main position regarding abductive reasoning is the formation of the question field. The model proposed by Pierce includes sending and receiving a message, sending back to the sender and confirmation that understanding has been reached, as well as determining the conditions under which the meaning of the sign can be represented.

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