Main Article Content
Introduction. Underestimating the importance of the philosophical culture of thinking in the construction of worldviews of the individual and the ethical component of society, the abolition of the role of philosophy in the system of humanitarian knowledge, the loss by the philosophy of connection with ethics and aesthetics as a socially significant spiritual practice of the individual and his contemporary society are the realities of our days.
Purpose. The main goal of the work is to reveal the functional role of philosophy in the formation of moral and ethical laws of society, the importance of philosophy as an ethical component of society. the cultural foundations of philosophy in its leading role in the system of humanitarian knowledge.
Methods. The list of the main methods that were used in our work should include the method of analysis and synthesis, historical reconstruction, comparative and comparative analysis.
Results. Philosophy is understood as a fundamental ethical project, which is capable and should form a system of values and value orientations in the fields of culture and science. The importance of maintaining the ontological connection of philosophy with ethics is the main task for philosophy itself today.
Originality. The philosophical dimension of reality has a special ethical and moral disciplinary status. The significance of this status must be strengthened from the negative impact and destructive influence of nihilism and philosophical pluralism. A key aspect of strengthening the status of philosophy as a cultural value is the need to form a public request for such an understanding of the function of philosophical reflection.
Conclusion. Philosophy as an ethical project opens up new perspectives in its historical development, forms a special cultural space, states a philosophical and social diagnosis of human being and modern society. Refusal to accept the concept of philosophical liberalism in the field of ethics as a condition for the historical and cultural self-development of philosophical thought. A critical assessment of the negative assumptions and consequences of the eclectic approach in matters of spirituality and its moral dimension.
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