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Introduction. The article is devoted to the consideration of the formation of hermeneutics of difference in the context of transformations of ideas about understanding and subject in modern discourse and narrative. The relevance of the article is determined by the search for contemporary philosophical anthropology and the problematization of concepts of the subject and understanding against the background of socio-cultural dynamics of the human world. It is conditioned by the findings in the modern professional literature of the need to understand the postmodern transformations of the subject and the concept of understanding inherent in modern society.
The purpose of the article is to problematize the question of forming a hermeneutic mode of difference in correlation with the problems of understanding, meaning-generation and transformation of the subject's philosophy in contemporary literary narratives on the example of D. Barthelm's small prose. The philosophy of difference has been examined in relation to the conceptual transformations of the subject in contemporary philosophical and literary language practices.
The study used the methodology of historical and philosophical conceptual analysis, cultural, literary comparative analysis, phenomenological and hermeneutical approaches.
The results of the study is a statement of the formation of hermeneutics of difference as a mode of understanding inherent in contemporary narrative and philosophical and literary discourse. It also substantiates the concept of the probabilistic subject as a modern transformation of classical subjectivity in the hyper-reality of the world of the modern man. The thesis about the genetic relation of hermeneutics of difference with the tradition of philosophical hermeneutics of the twentieth century is substantiated. and the projects of E. Husserl's phenomenology and M. Heidegger's transcendental ontology. The example of small prose by American writer D. Bartelmi illustrates the generation of meaning in the text in the model of hermeneutics of difference. The formation of the probabilistic subject as a mode of understanding and monolithization of fragmented perceived meanings in the decent discourse and plural linguistic practices of post- and goal modernity is considered.
Conclusions. The hermeneutics of difference, genetically linked to the postmodern paradigm of the philosophy of difference, provides for fundamentally new forms and methods of understanding discourse, narrative, and literary text. The main feature of hermeneutics of difference is the traductive interpretation of the relation of elements in the conditional semantic whole, which denies any hierarchy, continuity and sequence, and relies on total correlation as a mutual transition. Difference thus emerges as an epistemological instruction and a fundamental cognitive setting for understanding and experiencing decentralized fragmented reality.
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