HERMENEUTICS OF DIFFERENCE AND PROBABILISTIC SUBJECT (BASED ON THE WORK OF DONALD BARTHELME)
Introduction. The article is devoted to the consideration of the formation of hermeneutics of difference in the context of transformations of ideas about understanding and subject in modern discourse and narrative. The relevance of the article is determined by the search for contemporary philosophical anthropology and the problematization of concepts of the subject and understanding against the background of socio-cultural dynamics of the human world. It is conditioned by the findings in the modern professional literature of the need to understand the postmodern transformations of the subject and the concept of understanding inherent in modern society.
The purpose of the article is to problematize the question of forming a hermeneutic mode of difference in correlation with the problems of understanding, meaning-generation and transformation of the subject's philosophy in contemporary literary narratives on the example of D. Barthelm's small prose. The philosophy of difference has been examined in relation to the conceptual transformations of the subject in contemporary philosophical and literary language practices.
The study used the methodology of historical and philosophical conceptual analysis, cultural, literary comparative analysis, phenomenological and hermeneutical approaches.
The results of the study is a statement of the formation of hermeneutics of difference as a mode of understanding inherent in contemporary narrative and philosophical and literary discourse. It also substantiates the concept of the probabilistic subject as a modern transformation of classical subjectivity in the hyper-reality of the world of the modern man. The thesis about the genetic relation of hermeneutics of difference with the tradition of philosophical hermeneutics of the twentieth century is substantiated. and the projects of E. Husserl's phenomenology and M. Heidegger's transcendental ontology. The example of small prose by American writer D. Bartelmi illustrates the generation of meaning in the text in the model of hermeneutics of difference. The formation of the probabilistic subject as a mode of understanding and monolithization of fragmented perceived meanings in the decent discourse and plural linguistic practices of post- and goal modernity is considered.
Conclusions. The hermeneutics of difference, genetically linked to the postmodern paradigm of the philosophy of difference, provides for fundamentally new forms and methods of understanding discourse, narrative, and literary text. The main feature of hermeneutics of difference is the traductive interpretation of the relation of elements in the conditional semantic whole, which denies any hierarchy, continuity and sequence, and relies on total correlation as a mutual transition. Difference thus emerges as an epistemological instruction and a fundamental cognitive setting for understanding and experiencing decentralized fragmented reality.
Kretov, P. V., Kretova, O. I. (2019). The Probabilistic Subject as Agent of Parody Narrative in Postmodern Text. Visnyk Cherkas’koho universitetu. Seria Filosofia (Bulletin of the University of Cherkasy: Philosophy Series), 1, 62-71 (in Ukr.).
Goldman, A. I., Whitcomb, D. (2011). Social Epistemology: Essential Readings. New York: Oxford University Press.
Haidegger, M. (2007). On the Way to Language. Lviv: Litopys (in Ukr.).
Lyapushkina, E. (2019). Introduction to literary hermeneutics. Theory and Practice. Moskow: Ripol klassik (in Russ.).
Fragments of the early Greek philosophers (1989), 1. M.: Science (in Russ.).
Eselev, E. A., Zhdanov, S. G. (2013). The philosophy of difference: no idea. Izvestia MGTU "MAMI" (News of Moscow State Technological University, 4(18), 45-50 (in Russ.).
Habermas, Yu. (2001). The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. Kyiv: Chetverta khvylia (in Ukr.).
Protic, N. (2015). The twenty-first century Pantagruel: the function of grotesque aesthetics in the contemporary world. A dissertation submitted to the faculty of graduate studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Graduate program in English. York University Toronto, Ontario.
Girich, V. I. (2016). Symbols in the English short stories of the late XX – early XXI century. Vestnik sovremennoi nauki (Bulletin of modern science), 10/1 (22), 73-75 (in Russ.).
Blinova, M. P. (2010). The philosophical basis of the ironic mode of narration in the literature of postmodernism. Nauchnyi zhurnal Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta (Scientific journal of the Kuban State Agrarian University), 59 (05), 1-13 (in Russ.).
Drąg, W. (2016). “I’m a I’m a Scholar at the Moment”: The Voice of the Literary Critic in the Works of American Scholar-Metafictionists. Sciendo, 26, 1, 36-51.
Vinkvist, Ch. E., Teilor, V. E. (Ed.). (2003). Encyclopedia of Postmodernism. Kyiv: The Publishers of Solomiya Pavlychko "Fundamentals" (in Ukr.).
Mashchenko, O. A. (2005). The concept and image of the reader in the works of J. Bart and D. Bartelm of the last quarter of the twentieth century. Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukr.).
Pavlenko, V. V. (2014). Difficulties in translating postmodern artwork. Naukovi zapysky natsional’nogo universytetu "Ostroz’ka akademia". Seria filologichna (Scientific Notes of the National University "Ostroh Academy". Philological Series), 45, 296-300 (in Ukr.).
González Rodríguez, L. M. (2012). Intertextuality and Collage in Barthelme’s short fiction. Brill. Retrieved from: https://brill.com/view/book/edcoll/9789401208390/B9789401208390-s014.xml
Roe, B. L. (1982). The short works of Donald Barthelme. A dissertation submitted to the graduate faculty in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy by Graduate College University of Oklahoma. Norman, Oklahoma.
Epshtejn, M. (1998). Information explosion and postmodern injury. Russkii zhurnal (Russian magazine), October 8. Retrieved from: http://old.russ.ru/journal/travmp/98-10-08/epsht.htm (in Russ.).
- There are currently no refbacks.